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Tributyltin hydride

Tributyltin hydride, often abbreviated as Bu₃SnH, is an organotin compound with the chemical formula (C₄H₉)₃SnH. It is a member of the organotin hydride family and is characterized by the presence of a tin atom bonded to three butyl groups (Bu) and one hydrogen atom.

Tributyltin hydride has been used in various organic synthesis reactions, particularly in radical chemistry. It is known for its ability to donate hydride radicals, making it a useful reagent in reactions such as the reduction of organic halides to alkyl radicals. This reactivity is exploited in radical chain reactions and other processes where hydride transfer is essential.


Tributyltin hydride (Bu₃SnH) has been employed in various chemical reactions, particularly in the field of organic synthesis. Some of its notable uses include:

  1. Radical Reactions: Tributyltin hydride is well-known for its ability to donate hydride radicals. This property makes it useful in radical reactions, such as the reduction of organic halides to form alkyl radicals. These radicals can then participate in various synthetic transformations.

  2. Hydrosilylation: Tributyltin hydride can be used in hydrosilylation reactions, where it adds a silicon-hydrogen bond across unsaturated organic compounds. This is a common method for the synthesis of organosilicon compounds.

  3. Deoxygenation Reactions: In some cases, tributyltin hydride has been utilized for deoxygenation reactions, removing oxygen-containing functional groups from organic compounds.

  4. Catalysis: It has been employed as a reducing agent and catalyst in certain chemical reactions.

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